The Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track
"Education on Lockdown: The Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track" (2005) and "Derailed: The Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track" (2003), Advancement Project.
These two reports focus on police involvement in school, and the way school discipline policies are channeling students into the criminal justice system. The reports have three key findings on the impact of this criminalization: 1) “Criminalizing trivial offenses pushes children out of the school system and into the juvenile justice system. Even in cases where punishments are mild, students are less likely to graduate and more likely to end up back in the court system than their peers, and they are saddled with a juvenile or criminal record;” 2) “Turning schools into “secure environments,” replete with drug-sniffing dogs, metal detectors, and uniformed law enforcement personnel, lowers morale and makes learning more difficult;” and 3) “The negative effects of zero tolerance fall disproportionately on children of color and children with special needs.” The reports examine statistics from around the country on arrest rates in schools, the growing proportion of arrests for minor offenses, and the increasing presence of police in schools. The reports also include in-depth case studies on public school systems in Denver, Colorado, Chicago Illinois and Palm Beach County, Florida.